How to Save The Earth

We can save the Earth; continent by continent, country by country, habitat by habitat.


We came and ruined the planet; now we must save it from ourselves, for our children's children.

Life as we know it              
Must be saved
Within the next few decades.                  
Start now.
                                      






Or as a haiku -

Life as we know it
Must be saved in two decades
Start saving it now




Or simply -

Gaia
Must be saved.
Start now.







DO THESE THINGS, NOW.

* Respect all people
* Respect nature as an equal partner
* Harness the sun
* Revegetate
* Safeguard species from extinction
* Renew the soil
* Reverse pollution
* Minimise consumption
* Have healthy environments, with healthy people.

Heal Gaia

This ENVIRONMENTAL REVOLUTION has to start now,
and fully develop within two decades.


This is war, play in their half.
Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519


Nearly 500 years ago Leonardo da Vinci was concerned about mankind's destruction of the environment in his search for fuel.


"There will be no end to man's malignity. By their strong limbs we shall see a great portion of the trees of the vast forests laid low throughout the universe - - - endless animals will lose their lives."




Thomas Robert Malthus 1766-1834



"We must not destroy the biosphere's capital but live off it's income."

Malthusianism
In the eighteenth century, as expanding agriculture and industry resulted in a rapid increase in the European population, a number of writers began to consider the implications of this rise in numbers. Some argued it was a positive development, since a larger population meant more workers and thus more wealth. Others maintained that it placed an intolerable strain on natural resources.
In 1798 a young Anglican priest, the Reverend Thomas Malthus, published An Essay on the Principle of Population. He argued that the population was increasing exponentially, and that food production could not keep pace; eventually a crisis would ensue. He suggested that famine, disease and wars acted as a natural corrective to overpopulation, and also suggested a number of ways in which humans could regulate their own numbers. The work caused a furore and fueled a public debate about the size and sustainability of the British population which raged for generations. It was profoundly influential: Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace credited Malthus with having inspired their Theory of Natural Selection. (This man was the author's ancestor's brother).

So from Population and Hans Rosling's Gapminder we learn that our world will have a peak population of 9 - 9.5 billion by 2050 - 2060. We will live with that by careful planning. As follows -
(As you can see WORLD SOLUTIONS is only part fleshed out; the thinking and research for these things involves considerable time. But the following gives an insight to some more detailed possible end solutions).

A. WORLD PROBLEMS

    1. Environmental Degradation    
        a. Global Warming            








        b. Habitat Destruction


        c. World Water Crisis



        d. World Food Crisis



    2. Social Problems                    
        a. Inequality of Women      








        b. Human Health        



















        c. World Financial Crises
                * periodic collapses of financial systems                    which halt, sometimes severely, the
                   large flows of money needed for the                           improvements to societies






        d. Major Conflicts    
            i. Afghanistan/Pakistan conflict resolution    
            ii. Middle East conflict resolution
            iii. Peace-keeping in post‐conflict                                  situations 

          UNHEALTHY ENVIRONMENTS,             UNHEALTHY PEOPLE
B. WORLD SOLUTIONS

    1. Environmental Degradation    
        a. Global Warming
            i. Research & Development in low-carbon energy technologies
            ii. R&D and mitigation
            iii. Mitigation only
            iv. Air Pollution
                * Improved stove intervention                           
                * Inspection and maintenance of diesel vehicles
                * Low sulfur diesel for urban road vehicles               
                * Diesel vehicle particulate control technology
        b. Habitat Destruction
            i. Cease all sudden environmental changes.
            ii. Restore all areas that had  to a minimum cover of 30% of woody plants
        c. World Water Crisis
            i. Bio-sand filters for household water treatment           
            ii. rural water supplies
            iii. bio-sand filters for household water treatment               
        d. World Food Crisis
            i. Improved trade especially regarding the Doha development agenda
        e. getting away from a world that is ruled by growth (from Satyajit Das)

    2. Social Problems                    
        a. Equality of Women
            i. allowing women to control their reproduction by lifting religious restrictions and male dominance
            ii. education
                * lowering the price of schooling
                * increasing and improving girls’ schooling
            iii. Finance        
                * Conditional cash transfers
                * Microfinance                   

        b. Human Health
            i. Malnutrition            
                * having good soils and a beneficial climate to
                * supply adequate food to the family table
                * micronutrient supplements for children (vitamin A and zinc)
                * micronutrient fortification (iron and salt iodization)               
                * biofortification
                * community-based nutrition promotion
                * deworming and other nutrition programs at school
            ii. Diseases                
                * improving basic personal cleanliness by having an adequate and clean water supply for everyone
                * having a  total sanitation campaign
                * having a tobacco tax and lots of money to fund the following -
                * malaria prevention and treatment
                * tuberculosis case finding and treatment                   
                * HIV combination prevention
                * improved surgical capacity at district hospital level
                * expanded immunization coverage for children
                * acute heart attack management                       

        c. World Financial Crises
                * governments should control financial institutions much more stringently
                * banks' retail and investment arms should be split again as they were up to the late 20th century
                * banks should not be allowed to lend more than 5 to 1, i.e. 5 times the amount they hold.                                                          - Martin Wolf, UK Banking Commission  (The Basel III Agreement reccommends 10 to 1).
                * usury should be illegal
                * all banks should be allowed to fail (if they are too big to fail then they are too big
                      
- Mervyn King, Governor of the Bank of England)
                * no borrowing shares for short selling
                * futures to be traded only by businesses which trade in the same products i.e. no hedge fund trading in futures

        d. Major Conflicts     
            i. Afghanistan/Pakistan conflict resolution    
            ii. Middle East conflict resolution    
            iii. Peace-keeping in post‐conflict situations


 
HEALTHY ENVIRONMENTS, HEALTHY PEOPLE


      
THE COPENHAGEN CONSENSUS 2008

Copenhagen Challenges & Solutions (in approximate order of importance).
(N.B. These are humane goals, i.e. goals for human good only, not goals for nature).

Challenge            Solution
                       
Trade                  The Doha development agenda    
Malnutrition        Micronutrient supplements for children (vitamin A and zinc)
                            Micronutrient fortification (iron and salt iodization)                   
                            Biofortification
                            Community-based nutrition promotion
                            Deworming and other nutrition programs at school
Education            Lowering the price of schooling
                            Increase and improve girls’ schooling
                            Conditional cash transfers
Diseases              Heart attack acute management                       
                            Malaria prevention and treatment
                            Tuberculosis case finding and treatment                   
                            HIV combination prevention
                            Improving surgical capacity at district hospital level
                            Tobacco tax
                            Expanded immunization coverage for children
Women                Provide support for women’s reproductive role
                            Microfinance
Global Warming  R&D in low-carbon energy technologies
                            R&D and mitigation
                            Mitigation only
Water                   Bio-sand filters for household water treatment                    
                            Rural water supply                
                            Total sanitation campaign
                            Large, multipurpose dam in Africa
Conflicts              Peace-keeping in post‐conflict situations
Air Pollution        Improved stove intervention                           
                            Inspection and maintenance of diesel vehicles
                            Low sulfur diesel for urban road vehicles                   
                            Diesel vehicle particulate control technology